Passover Seder at Home

For those who are interested in holding a Messianic Seder in your own home to remember Passover, below is a quick overview of the major elements and some additional resources. 

Free Messianic Haggadahs
A Haggadah is a written guide for a Passover Seder. Both Haggadahs below are great resources to guide you into having your home Seder. They have everything for you, but will not do the cooking!

The Gospel in the Passover
A wonderful, elegant guide by Chosen People Ministries that will guide you through the whole Seder.

Worthy is the Lamb
A very in-depth Haggadah at the Hebrew4Christians site that gives many Messianic insights and includes many traditional practices and their background.

Basic Summary of the Elements of a Seder
  • Seder order –the order in which the Passover meal is eaten
  • Haggadah – "retelling"; refers to the guidebook for doing the Seder
  • Elements on the Seder Plate:
    • Karpas – a green vegetable (traditionally parsley)
    • Ke’ara May MeLach – a bowl of very salty water
    • Maror – a bitter herb (traditionally horseradish mixture)
    • Chazeret – a bitter herb (traditionally romaine lettuce)
    • Charoseth – a sweet mixture of chopped apples, honey, raisin, nuts and grape juice
    • Beitzah – a hard-boiled roasted egg
    • Zeroah – a roasted shank bone of lamb
  • Elements on the Seder Table:
    • Seder Plate
    • Wine or grape juice
    • Matzot – 3 pieces of matzah (unleavened bread)
    • Afikoman – the middle piece of matzah broken and hidden to be found after supper
    • Shulchan Oruch – the Set table, the main meal eaten at the Seder
      • traditional meal includes matzo ball soup, roast chicken, brisket, potato kugel, lamb, macaroon, gefilte fish, potatoes (mashed or baked), sweet potatoes, chocolate mousse, smoked salmon, tzimmes, couscous, Israeli  tabbouleh salad (Sephardic – rice, beans, lentils, corn, hummus, butter bean soup, latkes)

1) Birkat HaNer – Lighting of the Candles
2) CUP 1: Kadesh-Kiddush – the Cup of Sanctification (“I will bring you out”)
3) Urchatz – Washing Hands
4) Karpas – Vegetable (parsley) dipped into salt water
5) Yachatz – Breaking the Middle Matzah
6) Maggid – Retelling the Story

6.1) Ma-Nishtanah – The Four Questions
6.2) The Ten Plagues
6.3) Dayenu – It Is Enough
6.4) CUP 2: Makkot – the Cup of Deliverance (“I will free you”)
6.5) Zeroah – The Lamb Shankbone

7) Rachtzah – Second Washing
8) Motzi – Blessing of Three Pieces of Matzah
9) Matzah – Eating of Matzah
10) Maror – Eating of the Bitter herbs
11) Korech – Eating of the Bitter herbs with Charoset
12) Beitzah – The Roasted Egg (break it, dipped it in salt water and eat - AHAVAT TRADITION)
13) Shulchan Orech – The Passover Meal
14) Tzafun – Eating the Afikomen
15) Berkat HaMazon – Blessing After the Meal
16) CUP 3: HaGeulah – The Cup of Redemption (“I will redeem you”)
17) Eliyahu, Elijah’s Cup
18) CUP 4: Hallel – The Cup of Praise (“I will take you as my own people”)
19) Nirtzah: Next year in Jerusalem (L’shana HaBa’ah B’Yerushalayim)